Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are caused by swelling in the veins of the lower part of the anus and rectum. Yes, it can occur inside the anus, and termed as internal hemorrhoids. In this condition, the walls of these vessels are stretched than usual and become irritated.
Internal hemorrhoids occur deep inside the anus and rectum, but not visible from outside. They are normally painless can treat on their own. Usually, the first sign of internal hemorrhoids are present is rectal bleeding. Even straining can cause internal hemorrhoid so that it protrudes through the anus. This is called a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid and it can be really painful.
Although hemorrhoids are an unpleasant and painful ailment, these are easy to treat. Following are some easy treatment options to cure hemorrhoids.
Enlargement of the veins around the anus causes hemorrhoids. It occurs due to the following reasons:
Pregnancy: It occurs in pregnant women due to uterus enlargement, as it presses on the vein in the colon and leads to bulging.
Aging: Hemorrhoids are more common in adults aged 45 to 65 years. But that doesn’t mean, young people and children, do not get them
Diarrhoea: Hemorrhoids can also occur after some cases of chronic diarrhoea.
Chronic constipation: Straining to move stool puts extra pressure on the walls of the blood vessels.
- Sitting for too long can also cause hemorrhoids, especially on the toilet.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids often include:
- Discomfort, pain or soreness
- Itching or irritation in the anal area
- Lumps and swelling in the anal region
Anyone experiencing the aforementioned symptoms must contact a doctor. A doctor further carries out a physical examination and perform other tests to determine whether hemorrhoids are present or not. The tests include a digital rectal examination. If symptoms include significant amounts of bleeding, dizziness, and fainting sensations, the patient must seek emergency care immediately.
In the majority of cases, simple measures are enough to alleviate symptoms of hemorrhoids. However, medicines and even surgery may be needed in severe cases.
Symptoms can be relieved in the following ways:
- Topical creams and ointments: You can rely on the Over-the-counter (OTC) creams or suppositories, which contain hydrocortisone, to treat this condition. Even pads containing witch hazel, or a numbing agent are good for soothing the affected area.
- Ice packs and cold compresses can be applied to the affected area for alleviating swelling.
- A sitz bath using warm water can be placed over a toilet for relief. It can help in relieving the symptoms.
- Analgesics: Some painkillers, like aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen can be used to alleviate the swelling, pain, and discomfort.
Most hemorrhoid medicines like creams, ointments, pads, or suppositories are over-the-counter and easily available in the local pharmacies. The medicament contains active ingredients like hydrocortisone and witch hazel to relieve itching and pain. Homeopathic creams like Dr. Skin Aid can be used for mild hemorrhoids. Dr. Skin Aid contains botanical extracts like tea tree oil, olive oil and emu oil to ease pain and burning sensation caused by hemorrhoids.
Do consult your doctor if any of these medicines don’t work.
Nonsurgical treatment options
The most common type of nonsurgical hemorrhoid treatment technique is rubber band ligation. It is a well-known outpatient procedure for internal hemorrhoids, where an elastic band is placed on the base of hemorrhoid to cut off blood supply.
Another procedure is sclerotherapy, in which a solution is injected into internal hemorrhoid. This procedure is done to cut off the blood supply to the hemorrhoids.
Surgery may involve a complete removal of the hemorrhoids by hemorrhoidectomy. This procedure involves stapling, where a prolapsed hemorrhoid is tacked back into place. This procedure is performed under general anaesthesia, and most patients are discharged on the same day.