Hemorrhoids are an anal disorder that affects about three out of four adults. It is an abnormal mass of dilated and inflamed blood vessels in swollen tissue that take birth in the human body and is distinguished on the basis of its location. It means hemorrhoids can occur internally in the anal canal or externally around the anus.
Hemorrhoids can occur because of a number of unknown reasons but the most common causes of hemorrhoids are increased pressure during bowel movements, stretching and staging. You may witness any of the two types of hemorrhoids or both of them.
Types of Hemorrhoids
Internal hemorrhoids: As the name indicates internal hemorrhoids occur inside the rectum, mostly in the patients suffering from constipation and lactone You hardly see or feel such type of hemorrhoids and hence they are mostly painless. They may cause intermittent bleeding, usually with bowel movements, and sometimes discharge mucus. Internal hemorrhoids may also protrude outside the anus, where they appear as small, grape-like masses.
External hemorrhoids: External hemorrhoids take birth just outside the anal opening, where they primarily cause swelling and bothersome protrusions. External hemorrhoids occur on the skin around the anus. External hemorrhoids become inflamed and enlarged when it gets irritated and result in itching and bleeding.
When it comes to treatment, external hemorrhoids rarely need more than continued self-care. The best way to get relief from the symptoms of external hemorrhoids is to apply over-the-counter topical agents like Dr. Numb that contains 5% lidocaine effective enough to reduce the inflammation and numb the pain associated with hemorrhoids.
However, internal hemorrhoids are hard to treat. You may have already tried various home remedies like increasing the fiber intake, keeping well hydrated; taking a sitz bath, etc to get rid of internal hemorrhoids, but all these may have failed to provide a good long-term solution.
If internal hemorrhoids continue to cause symptoms despite trying various home treatments, you can go ahead with nonsurgical procedures as mentioned below:
Rubber band ligation- In this procedure, the doctor makes use of a small elastic band and inserts it into the anal canal and places it around the base of hemorrhoid. The band helps to cut off hemorrhoid’s circulation that causes hemorrhoid to wither away.
Sclerotherapy- A scope is inserted by a doctor and a chemical solution is injected directly into hemorrhoid or the area around it. As soon as the solution is injected, solution causes a local reaction that interferes with blood flow inside hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink.
Coagulation therapy- While following the approach of coagulation therapy, light, heat, laser or electric current is used to get rid of the hemorrhoids by cutting off hemorrhoid’s blood supply. Gradually, hemorrhoids shrink and scar tissue forms on the anal canal wall to hold nearby veins in place so they don’t bulge into the anal canal.
Hemorrhoids are an irritating problem that one wishes to get rid of as soon as possible. Try some home remedies initially and if you don’t get any relief, go ahead with non-surgical treatment. If still the symptoms of hemorrhoid persist, consult the doctor and consider the option of surgical treatment to get away with hemorrhoids.