In most of the cases hemorrhoids are caused by poor diet, repeated occurrences of constipation, constant sitting, being overweight, and straining during bowel movement and during pregnancy too. The disease is caused when there is too much pressure on the rectum wall during a bowel movement, resulting in enlarging of the vessels. This causes itching, swelling and bleeding which can become very irritating for the patient. They are also referred to as varicose veins formed in the rectum or anus.
Bleeding hemorrhoids -
Having blood in the stool is a sign of hemorrhoids and an estimated 40 percent of adults experience this disease in their life. When internal hemorrhoid veins in the rectum or anal canal rupture they cause bleeding which is followed by a bowel movement. Hemorrhoid rupture is caused by pressure on the walls of the anus which is weakened and releases blood.
Although bleeding is not a serious sign, with a few precautions and lifestyle changes it heals on its own. However it the bleeding doesn’t go away after a few weeks and is accompanied by pink or brownish colored blood then it is time to consult your proctologist.
Ignoring these symptoms can lead to a more serious case of hemorrhoids which can then only be removed by surgical procedures which have to be done multiple times over a period of few weeks.
Treat bleeding hemorrhoids –
Once bleeding hemorrhoids have been detected, immediate steps can be taken to cure them. Some of the homemade therapies for treating hemorrhoids include;
Medicated wipes or hemorrhoid cream: For relieving the stress on the anus and ruptured hemorrhoids medicated wipes or hemorrhoid cream can be used.
Medication: With a suggestion from your doctor, over-the-counter medication can be taken to reduce the size of hemorrhoids
Sitz bath: Soak the hips in warm water for relief from soothing the hemorrhoids, itchiness, inflammation, and pain. Do this two to three times a day for instant relief.
Wet wipes: Use wet wipes when using the toilet as it will sooth the anus. Using a dry toilet paper aggravates the already inflated veins, worsening the condition further.
Ice packs: Use ice packs over the affected area to inhibit the flow of blood to the area, thereby lessening the inflammation. Do this for more than 20 minutes for best results.
Witch hazel or Aloe Vera: Use witch hazel or Aloe Vera poured in cotton wipe and apply it to the affected region. This softens hemorrhoid and reduces its size.
Coconut oil: Due to its healing and soothing properties coconut oil can be used to soothe the area around and inside the anus for instant relief.
Apart from bleeding, hemorrhoids are also accompanied with lots of pain which can be diminished with the application of topical anesthetic cream like Dr. Numb that contains 5% lidocaine content to provide you instant relief from pain.
In rare conditions, surgery is required to get rid of hemorrhoids as the infection heals on its own with dietary and lifestyle changes. Regular exercise and eating fiber-rich food relieves the pressure on rectum walls, thereby healing the infection in a few weeks.
If the bleeding is reoccurring even after taking these precautions, it may be time to get the surgery done. In this day procedure, the surgeon removes the clot attached to the vein or uses a staple surgery known as rubber band litigation to cut off the blood supply to hemorrhoid. This reduces the size of a clot and ultimately it fades away on its own. The surgeon places a small elastic band near the base of hemorrhoid for this procedure.
Other procedures include laser or infrared coagulation, sclerotherapy
and cryosurgery. In case there are large hemorrhoids, hemorrhoidectomy surgery is the only way to get rid of the problem. The process involves removing of hemorrhoids and the tissues around the area.